15 ಫೆಬ್ರವರಿ 2009, ರವಿವಾರ

SARFAROHI KI TAMANNA

SARFAROSHI KI TAMANNA (THE DESIRE OF STRUGGLE)

Indian freedom movement was the great landmark of Indian political History. Thousands of people were given their lives to make this country as a freedom and sovereign country. The freedom movement was started in the year 1857 by “MANGAL PANDEY”. After that there were many good number of people who struggled for this country but there are few names which always remembered in mind which they have sacrificed everything for this country. In this world there are 2 kind of people one who calmly goes towards death and anther who goes with lot of noise and irritation but these were stands in third category which Happily, Knowingly and wantedly going towards the mouth of Death.

Between the year 1920 to 1935 there were few freedom fighters who actually ignited the Minds of Indians and accelerated the freedom movement of India. “CHANDRASHEKHAR AZAD”, “BHAGAT SINGH”, “RAJGURU”, “SUKHDEV”, “RAMPRASAD BISMIL” AND “ASHFAQULLA KHAN” This group of people created thunder among Britishers. They have sacrificed family, job, enjoyment everything for the country their main goal was the freedom of India. Especially Bhagat, Rajguru and sukhdev they have suffered in very brutal conditions in prison. They had the fast of 114 days!!! Yes never before and after in the history of world. And they hanged only when they were just 23 year old.

In the time of freedom movement there were three powerful lines which inspired the whole Indian mindset and made them to fight with Britishers. They are “INQILAB ZINDABAD” “VANDE MATARAM” AND “SARFAROSHIKI TAMANNA AB HAMAARE DIL ME HAI”. These things we all know very well but till only two lines but most of the people don’t know about third one that is “SARFAROSHIKI TAMANNA” (DESIRE TO STRUGLE) in fact many people don’t know even about those lines and even they never heard the names of Bhagat, Rajguru, Sukhdev, Bismil, Ashfaq. That is very pathetic and unfortunate thing but doesn’t matter, being a true Indian that is our duty to remember these great people and inculcate at least few things of their lives.

So now iam going give a brief glance on the song “SARFAROSHIKI TAMANNA”. This Hindi song was written by “RAMPRASAD BISMIL” who was very good poet and command on Hindi language. This song inspired many people to participate in the freedom movement. The powerful wordings of this song are really outstanding.
Here the original song of “SARFAROSHI KI TAMANNA” in Hindi with the English script and the translation in English. Go through with the original tempo of freedom movement.


Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai
Dekhna hai zor kitna baazu-e-qaatil mein hai
Aye watan, Karta nahin kyun doosra kuch baat-cheet
Dekhta hun main jise who chup teri mehfil mein hai

Aye shaheed-e-mulk-o-millat main tere oopar nisaar
Ab teri himmat ka charcha ghair ki mehfil mein hai
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai

Waqt aanay dey bata denge tujhe aye aasman
Hum abhi se kya batayen kya hamare dil mein hai
Khainch kar layee hai sab ko qatl hone ki ummeed
Aashiqon ka aaj jumghat koocha-e-qaatil mein hai
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai

Hai liye hathiyaar dushman taak mein baitha udhar
Aur hum taiyyaar hain seena liye apna idhar
Khoon se khelenge holi gar vatan muskhil mein hai
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai

Haath jin mein ho junoon kattte nahi talvaar se
Sar jo uth jaate hain voh jhukte nahi lalkaar se
Aur bhadkega jo shola-sa humaare dil mein hai
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai

Hum to ghar se nikle hi the baandhkar sar pe kafan
Jaan hatheli par liye lo barh chale hain ye qadam
Zindagi to apni mehmaan maut ki mehfil mein hai
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai

Yuun khadaa maqtal mein qaatil kah rahaa haibaar baar
Kya tamannaa-e-shahaadat bhi kisee ke dil mein hai
Dil mein tuufaanon ki toli aur nason mein inqilaab
Hosh dushman ke udaa denge humein roko na aaj
Duur reh paaye jo humse dam kahaan manzil mein hai
Wo jism bhi kya jism hai jismein na ho khoon-e-junoon
Toofaanon se kya lade jo kashti-e-saahil mein hai
Chup khade hain aaj saare bhai mere khaamosh hain
Na karo to kuchh kaho mazhab mera mushkil mein hai
Sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamaare dil mein hai.
Dekhna hai zor kitna baazuay qaatil mein hai.

RAM PRASAD BISMIL


English Translation
The desire for sacrifice is now in our hearts
Let us see what strength there is in the arms of our executioner
Why do you remain silent thus?
Whoever I see is gathered quiet so...
O martyr of country, of nation,
I submit myself to theefor yet even the enemy speaks of thy couragethe
desire for struggle is in our hearts...

When the time comes, we shall show thee,
O heavenFor why should we tell thee now,
what lurks in our hearts?
We have been dragged to service, by the hope of blood,
of vengeanceYea, by our love for nation divine,
we go to the streets of the enemy
The desire for struggle is in our hearts...

Armed does the enemy sit,
ready to open fireReady too are we,
our bosoms thrust out to him
With blood we shall play Holi, if our nation need usThe
desire for struggle is in our hearts...

No sword can sever hands that have the heat of battle within,
No threat can bow heads that have risen so...Yea,
for in our insides has risen a flame,and the
desire for struggle is in our hearts...

Set we out from our homes,
our heads shrouded with cloth,
Taking our lives in our hands, do we march so...
In our assembly of death, life is now but a guestThe
desire for struggle is in our hearts...

Stands the enemy in the gallows thus, asking,
Does anyone wish to bear testimony?...
With a host of storms in our heart,
and with revolution in our breath,
We shall knock the enemy cold, and no one shall stop us...
What is that body that does not have hot blood in it,
How can a person conquer
a Typhoon while sitting in a boat near the shore.
The desire for struggle is in our hearts
We shall now see what strength there is in the boughs of the enemy.

UNKNOWN POET



The objective of this song was very clear to ignite the mind of people. And Ramprasad Bismil’s dream came true. Many people came together and involved in the movement. RAMPRASAD BISMIL AND ASHFAQULLA KHAN were hanged, as per the oath AZAD was killed himself and in 1931 BHAGAT SINGH RAJGURU AND SUKHDEV WERE HANGED. This was the most thrilling and glorious period of Indian freedom struggle. But unfortunate thing we people of Independent India day by day forgetting these people. We are not at all aware of these things so let’s remember the great souls and inculcate few things and ideology of them.

JAI HIND
VANDE BHARAT MATARM



SANJEEV KUMAR SIRNOORKAR
MBA TOURISM I YEAR
DEPT. TOURISM STUDIES
PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY

CULTURAL TOURISM IN INDIA

CULTURAL TOURISM IN INDIA


“ANO BHADRA KRUTAVO YANTU VISHWATAHA”

This powerful verse of Rig-Veda tells the whole importance of Indian Culture and heritage. India is the only county in the world which holds the great historic and sacred approach towards its culture. There are many countries in the world which always says that India is a sacred land. It is land of sandalwood this is god’s own land and they are frequently visiting to India for better knowing about the culture of India. Then the question arrived that what is culture?

The term “culture” In Indian context has in-depth and infinite meaning. It is not possible to substantiate the meaning of culture in a sentence or in few. But we can say that culture is the traditions rituals believes and strong foundations of values ethics are called as the culture. In other words The Indian Culture is the lifestyle of an Individual.


Indian culture has its own dimensions and significance this is why the people from many countries are regularly visiting to India.


Coming to Tourism part, Cultural tourism is a Special element of tourism in India. We can define cultural tourism in general as “Special interest holidays essentially motivated by cultural interests such as trips and visits to historical sites and monuments, museums and galleries artistic performances and festivals as well as lifestyles of communities. In a broad sense including also activities with a cultural content as parts of trips and visits a combinations of pursuits.


Cultural tourism of India is in unique position. Many tourist destinations of our country are belongs to cultural significance and historical perspective. In India the importance of cultural tourism can be said to be of great merit because of its past civilization and its strong base of cultural tradition.

Cultural aspects for travelling India are more important motivating factor in comparison to other aspects. Tourism in India involves quite a large content of cultural background as no any foreigner visiting India can be unaffected with the culture of India. Historical and archeological monuments, lifestyle, religion and diversity found in Indian society continue to be the biggest thing in attracting tourists from each part of the world.

Tourism in Indian mindset is something unique and unexplainable. It was not at all been considered as tour in Indian mindset. It was “YAATRA” or “TEERTHAYATRA” to us. People use to travel the whole country in the name of “AASETHU HIMAACHALA YAATRA” that means from Kashmir to kannyakumari to support this point now we have a train called “HIMASAGARA EXPRESS” which is the longest distance train of India.

The great poet of India “KALIDASA” said in his book “RAGHUVANSHA” about Himalaya

“ASTUTTARASSYAM DISHIDEVATAATMA
HIMALAYA NAAMA NAGAADHIRAAJA”

He mentioned that the great Himalaya ranges are not only mountain for us its something unique It is the soul (Aatma) and center point of all gods and goddesses of our country it is the natural protection tool for us. This is our culture. We have a mindset that we pray and believe in a small bunch of grass also there for this powerful point attracts tourist to our country.



If we look at the world heritage sites of India there are 28 sites. In those 20 to 25 sites are related to cultural heritage of India.

India is most diversified country in terms of culture, traditions, rituals, languages, costumes everything. There are many things in India which can not be explained in a format in a systematic style. It is most peculiar country in the world the culture and tradition of India symbolizing in many ways.

We have many tourism products like Architectural monuments, sculpture, pilgrim sites like “12 Jyotirlingas” “Panchabhoota lingas” (Shiva lingas which are the symbol of elements of nature), 51 Shaktipeethas, Vishnudhamas, sacred char dhamas, places like Tirupati-Tirumala, Shabarimali, Performing arts and Visual arts like Dances, classical and folk, Indian classical Music Hindustani and Carnatic paintings and many festivals, fairs, handicrafts, trades, travel marts, exhibitions these are many things which come under in cultural aspects and this is the yardstick to attract tourist from many places to India.

And India has a background of great Indus civilization, Vedic literature, epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, Bhagavad geeta, Upanishads, Puranas (Myths), Sacred Rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, saraswati, sindhu, Godavari, Krishna and kaveri. These are the powerful sources of cultural tourism in India.

The most important point is the Philosophy of India which attracts many people to visit India. Indian philosophy throughout the ages has had a tremendous impact on world thought, especially in the east. Following the Vedic period, various schools of philosophy, such as the many sects of Hinduism, have developed over the past 2500 years. However, India has also produced some of the oldest and most influential traditions of logic, rationalism, science, mathematics, materialism, agnosticism, etc., which are often overlooked due to the popular conception that India was and is a 'mystical' country.



Not only these much, there are many social reformers of India that they have created a new lifestyle among the people of this country like “sri Ramakrishna paramahansa and swami Vivekananda” and “sri Aurobindo and the mother” of Pondicherry,” raja ram mohanrai”, “Dayananda saraswati “, “Ramana maharshi” etc . These people have written many books and started a movement and that became a landmark in Indian history. To know and get practical experience of these philosophy people from many places visit India.

Likewise there many things which have immense background of cultural foundation which is attracting people to India. We believe in the continuity and dynamism of Indian cultural heritage and it is our endeavor to help people from world over get acquainted with same. And there can not be a better way to understand this than to experience it. Travel to India with our cultural tour packages and understand why this heritage has withstood thousands of years and still going strong.

Finally as responsible Tourism students we must have to understand the Indian culture and its diversifications so that we can promote culture as Tourism product even better.

VANDE BHARATA MATARAM



SANJEEV KUMAR SIRNOORKAR
MBA TOURISM I YEAR
PONDICHERRY UNIVERSITY

28 ಜನವರಿ 2009, ಬುಧವಾರ

ಸಂನ್ಯಾಸ ಗೀತೆ

ಸ್ಸಂನ್ಯಾಸ ಗೀತೆ ಇದು ಮೂಲದಲ್ಲಿ ವಿಶ್ವ ವಿಜೇತೆ ವೀರ ಸಂನ್ಯಾಸಿ ವಿವೇಕಾನಂದರು ಇಂಗ್ಲೀಷನಲ್ಲಿ ಬರೆದ ೯ ನುಡಿಗಳ ಸುದೀರ್ಘವಾದ ಹಾಡು ಇದನ್ನು ರಾಷ್ಟ್ರಕವಿ ಕುವೆಂಪು ಅವರು ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಇಷ್ಟು ಅದ್ಭುತವಾಗಿ ಅಸ್ಖಲಿತವಾಗಿ ಭಾವಾನುವಾದ ಮಾಡಿದ್ದಾರೆ ಅಂದರೆ ಸ್ವತಃ ವಿವೆಕಾನಂದರೆ ಇದನ್ನು ಕನ್ನಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಬರೆದರೂ ಎನ್ನುವಂತೆ ಭಾಸವಾಗುತ್ತದೆ . ಈ ಹಾಡಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಬರುವ ಪ್ರತಿಯೊಂದು ಶಬ್ದದಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಓಘ ನಿಜಕ್ಕೂ ರೋಮಾನಚನಕಾರಿ ಬನ್ನಿ ಒಂದು ಸುತ್ತು ಇದರಲ್ಲಿ ನಮ್ಮ ದೃಷ್ಟಿ ಹಾಯಿಸೋಣ .

ಏಳು ಮೇಲೆಲೇಳು ಸಾಧುವೇ ಹಾಡು ಚಾಗಿಯ ಹಾಡನು
ಹಾಡಿನಿಂದೆಚ್ಚ್ಹರಿಸು ಮಲಗಿಹ ನಮ್ಮ ಈ ತಾಯ್ನಾಡನು
ದೂರದದವಿಯಳೆಲ್ಲಿ loukika ವಿಷಯವಾಸನೆ ಮುತ್ತದೋ
ಎಲ್ಲಿ ಗಿರಿ ಗುಹೆ ಕಂದರದ ಬಳಿ ಜಗದ ಗಲಿಬಿಲಿ ತತ್ತದೂ
ಎಲ್ಲಿ ಕಾಮವು ಸುಳಿಯದೋ ಮೇನ್ಎಲ್ಲಿ ಜೀವವು ಸುಳಿಯದೋ //
ಕೀರ್ತಿ ಕಾಂಚನ ವೆಂಬುವಾಸೆಗಳಿಂದ ಜನಿಸುವ ಭ್ರಾಂತಿಯ
ಎಲ್ಲಿ ಆತ್ಮವು ಪಡೆದು ನಲಿವುದು ನಿಚ್ಚವಾಗಿಹ ಶಾಂತಿಯ

16 ಜನವರಿ 2009, ಶುಕ್ರವಾರ

SONG OF SANNYASAM

WAKE UP THE NOTE! THE SONG THAT HAD ITS BIRTH
FAR OFF, WHERE WORDLY TAINT COULD NEVER REACH,
IN MOUNTAIN CAVES AND GLADES OF FOREST DEEP,
WHOSE CALM NO SIGH FOR LUST OR WEALTH OR FAME
COULD NEVER DARE TO BREAK; WHERE ROLLED THE STREAM
OF KNOWLEDGE, TRUTH, AND BLISS THAT FOLLOWS BOTH
SING HIGH THAT NOTE SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM!"


STRIKE OFF THY FETTERS! BONDS THAT BIND THEE DOWN,
OF SHINING GOLD OR DARKER BASER ORE;
LOVE, HATE-GOOD, BAD-AND ALL THE DUAL THRONG
KNOW SLAVE IS SLAVE CARESSED OR WHIPPED, NOT FREE;
FOR FETTERS, THOUGH OF GOLD, ARE NOT LESS STRONG TO BIND;
THEN OFF WITH THEM, SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM!"


LET DARKNESS GO; THE WILL O THE WISP THAT LEADS
WITH BLINKING LIGHT TO PILE MORE GLOOM ON GLOOM
THIS THIRST FOR LIFE, FOR EVER QUENCH ; IT DRAGS
FROM BIRTH TO DEATH ANDDEATH TO BIRTH THE SOUL
HE CONQUERS ALL WHO CONQUERS SELF KNOW THIS
AND NEVER YIELD SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


WHO SOWS MUST REAP THEY SAY AND CAUSE MUST BRING
THE SURE EFFECT; GOOD GOOD; BAD BAD; AND NONE
ESCAPE THE LAW BUT WHOSE WEARS A FORM
MUST WEAR THE CHAIN TOO TRUE BUT FAR BEYOND
BOTH NAME AND FORM IS ATMAN EVER FREE
KNOW THOU ART THAT SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


THEY KNOW NOT TRUTH WHO DREAM SUCH VACANT DREAMS
AS FATHER, MOTHER, CHILDREN, WIFE, AND FRIEND
THE SEXLESS SELF! WHOSE FATHER HE? WHOSE CHILD?
WHOSE FRIEND WHOSE FOE IS HE WHO IS BUT ONE?
THE SELF IS ALL IN ALL NONE ELSE EXISTS;
AND THOU ART THAT, SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


THERE IS BUT ONE -THE FREE -THE KNOWER - SELF!
WITHOUT A NAME, WITHOUT A FORM OR STRAIN
IN HIM IS MAYA DREAMING ALL THIS DREAM
THE WITNESS HE APPEARS AS NATURE SOUL
KNOW THOU ART THAT SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


WHERE SEEKEST THOU? THAT FREEDOM FRIEND THIS WORLD
NOR THAT CAN GIVE IN BOOKS AND TEMPLES VAIN
THY SEARCH THINE ONLY IS THE HAND THAT HOLDS
THE ROPE THAT DRAGS THEE ON THEN CEASE LAMENT
LET GO THY HOLD SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


SAY PEACE TO ALL FROM ME NO DANGER BE
TO AUGHT THAT LIVES IN THOSE THAT DWELL ON HIGH
IN THOSETHAT LOWELY CREEP I AM THE SELF IN ALL!
ALL LIFE BOTH HERE AND THERE DI I RENOUNCE
ALL HEAVENS AND EARTHS AND HELLS ALL HOPES AND ALL FEARS
THUS CUT THY BONDS SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


HEED THEN NO MORE HOW BODY LIVES OR GOES
ITS TASK IS DONE LET KARMA FLOAT IT DOWN;
LET ONE PUT GARLANDS ON ANOTHER KICK
THIS FRAME SAY NAUGHT NO PRAISE OR BLAME CAN BE
WHERE PRAISER PRAISED AND BLAMER BLAMED ARE ONE
THUS BE THOU CALM SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


TRUTH NEVER COMES WHERE LUST AND FAME AND GREED
OF GAIN RESIDE NO MAN WHO THINKS OF WOMAN
AS HIS WIFE CAN EVER PERFECT BE;
NOR HE WHO OWNS THE LEAST OF THINGS NOR HE
WHOM ANGER CHAINS CAN EVER PASS THRO MAYA'S GATES
SO GIVE THESE UP SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


HAVE THOU NO HOME WHAT HOME CAN HOLD THEE FRIEND?
THE SKY THY ROOF THE GRASS THY BED; AND FOOD
WHAT CHANCE MAY BRING WELL COOKED OR ILL JIDGE NOT
WHICH KNOWS ITSELF LIKE ROLLING RIVER FREE
THOU EVER BE SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


FEW ONLY KNOW THE TRUTH THE REST WILL HATE
AND LAUGH AT THEE GREAT ONE BUT PAY NO HEED
GO THOU THE FREE FROM PLACE TO PLACE AND HELP
THEM OUT OF DARKNESS MAYA'S VEIL WITHOUT
THE FEAR OF PAIN OR SEARCH FOR PLEASURE GO
BEYOND THEM BOTH SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


THUS DAY BY DAY TILL KARMA'S POWERS SPENT
RELEASE THE SOUL FOR EVER NO MORE IS BIRTH
NOR I NOR THOU NOR GOD NOR MAN THE "I"
HAS ALL BECOME THE ALL IS "I" AND BLISS
KNOW THOU ART THAT SANNYASIN BOLD! SAY-
"OM TAT SAT OM"


VEERA SANNYASI SWAMI VIVEKANAND

14 ನವೆಂಬರ್ 2008, ಶುಕ್ರವಾರ

URBAN TOURISM IN INDIA

URBAN TOURISM IN INDIA




CONTENTS:

INTRODUCTION
CONCEPT OF URBAN TOURISM
TYPOLOGY
ELEMENTS
CASE STUDY- BENGALOORU
PHOTOGRAPHS
FUTURE
CONCLUSION


INTRODUCTION:


Urban tourism is an important factor of present tourism trend. This is having an immense attraction towards cities. It is also known as city tourism. It is developing very rapidly in the world. The main intention of urban tourism may be MICE, Leisure, short break holiday makers, day trippers as well as long holiday makers


CONCEPT OF URBAN TOURISM:


Trips and visits with a focus on town and city destinations is called as urban tourism. It is also known as “city tourism”. It is a fast growing form of tourism stimulated by historical and cultural attractions as well as shopping and event attractions. And by business travel it offers much scope for urban tourism.



TYPOLOGY:


For considering urban tourism we can classify that in to different types. Those are

1. Capital cities
2. Metropolitan cities
3. Large historic cities
4. Inner city areas
5. Revitalized waterfront areas
6. Industrial cities
7. Seaside resorts and winter sports centers
8. Purpose-built integrated resorts
9. Tourist-entertainment complexes
10. Specialized tourist service centers
11. Cultural art cities




ELEMENTS:

Urban tourism has got mainly 3 elements
1. Primary elements
2. Secondary elements
3. Additional elements


RIMARY ELEMENTS
1. Cultural facilities
A. Museums and art galleries
B. theaters and cinemas
C. concert halls
D. convention centers
E. other visitor attractions





2. Sports facilities
A. indoor stadiums
B. outdoor stadiums


3. Amusement facilities
A. night clubs
B. casinos and bingo halts
C. organized events
D. festivals


4. Physical characteristics
A. historical street pattern
B. interesting buildings
C. Ancient monuments and status
D. parks and green areas
E. waterfronts (harbor, canal, river)


5. Socio-cultural features
A. liveliness of a place
B. language
C. local customs and costumes
D. cultural heritage
E. friendliness
F. security


2. SECONDARY ELEMENTS
A. Accommodation
B. Catering facilities
C. Shopping
D. Markets




3. ADDITIONAL ELEMENTS
A. Accessibility
B. Transportation and parking
C. Tourist information (Maps, Guides etc.)



CASE STUDY- BENGALOORU:






We chosen Bengalooru as our case study city, which is one of the leading urban tourism destinations in India. Located on the Deccan plateau in the south-eastern part of Karnataka, Bangalore is India's third most populous city and fifth most populous urban agglomeration. Today, as a large and growing metropolis, Bangalore is home to some of the most well-recognized colleges and research institutions in India. City Built By “KEMPEGOUDA” in 16th Century. The Early name of Bangalore was “BENDAKALOORU”.




Numerous public sector, heavy industries, software companies, aerospace, telecommunications, and defense organizations are located in the city. Bangalore is known as the “Silicon Valley of India’” because of its pre-eminent position as the nation's leading IT employer and exporter. A demographically diverse city, Bangalore has developed into one of India's major economic hubs and is the fastest growing major metropolis in India







TOURIST ATTRACTIONS IN BENGALOORU

1. Lal bagh (glass house famous for its flower shows) botanical garden
2. Cubban park here we can find a toy train.
3. Forum mall – first shopping mall in Bangalore.
4. Vidhana soudha (Legislative building)
5. Athara kacheri (High court)
6. Bangalore palace
7. M.G Road and Brigade Road- Busiest Commercial streets of Bangalore.
8. Tippu sultan Summer palace
9. Vishveshwarayya Industrial and Technical Museum.
10. ISKCON (International Society For Krishna Consciousness )
11. Mayo hall
12. st. Patrix Church Built in 1884 oldest church in the city

13. Bull temple built by kemp Gouda in 16th century. Big statue of Nandi is existing here.
14. Kemp fort- A big huge statue of lord Shiva and a big shopping complex are here.
15. Infant Jesus church
16. Electronic city – An area which is covered by most IT industries. this is also called as “The Silicon Valley Of India”
17. HAL Aeronautical Museum.
18. Ravindra kala kshetra (theatre of fine arts)
19. Venkatappa art gallery
20. Garuda Mall
21. Gayana samaja (musical concert hall)
22. Wonderla – Biggest Amusement Park in India.
23. Chinnaswamy Stadium
24. Kantherava Indoor Stadium
25. Bannerghatta national Park







FUTURE:

Urban Tourism is one of the important types of tourism which is emerging in India. Impact of LPG Is helped to increase the urban potentiality. So it is a very booming factor of tourism.



SOME IMP DESTINATIONS:

1. MUMBAI
2. BENGALOORU
3. NEW DELHI
4. CHENNAI
5. HYDERABAD
6. PUNE
7. GURGAON
8. AHMEDABAD
9. NOIDA
10. KANPUR ……….



CONCLUSION:

In conclusion we want so say that urban tourism is emerging Form of tourism it helps to the development of the particular area in terms of Infrastructure, Transportation, Education and Medical Facility.

29 ಅಕ್ಟೋಬರ್ 2008, ಬುಧವಾರ

KARNATAKA A LAND OF SANDALWOOD WITH RICH HERITAGE

CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION:
FACTS AND FIGERS
GEOGRAPHY
HERITAGE KARNATAKA
ARTISTIC KARNATAKA
DEVINE KARNATAKA
FESTIVE KARNATAKA
ROMANTIC KARNATAKA
COSCADING KARNATAKA
WILD KARNATAKA
BEACHES OF KARNATAKA
CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION
Karnataka is The land Known as “GANDHADA GUDI” The land Of Sandalwood which is as diversified as the seven clours in the vibgyor.
This land has everything to offer to the feast of a tourist from any part of the universe. This reflects the spectrographic magnitude of the splendid state. So does its theme.

FACTS AND FIGERS:
Total area: 1,91 976 km²
Total districts: 29
Biggest district: Gulbarga
Smallest District: Kodagu (coorg)
Capital: Bengalooru or Bangalore (silicon Valley of India)
Official Language: “KANNADA”
Population : 5,28,50,562 (2001)
Density:275 per km²
Literacy: 69.6%
Governor: Rameshwara Thakur
Chief Minister: B.S Yadiyurappa
Tourism Minister: Gali Janardhana Reddy

GEOGRAPHY:

The state has three principal geographical zones: the coastal region of Karavali, the hilly Malnad region comprising the Western Ghats (Sahhyadri) and the Bayaluseeme region comprising the plains of the Deccan Plateau. The bulk of the state is in the Bayaluseeme region, the northern part of which is the second largest arid region in India. The highest point in Karnataka is the Mullayyanagiri hills in Chikkamagalooru District which has an altitude of 1,929 metres (6,329 ft). Some of the important rivers in Karnataka are the Kaveri, the Tungabhadra, the Krishna and the Sharavati

HERITAGE KARNATAKA:

Nowhere else in India can you find such a profusion of monuments as in Karnataka. No wonder, Karnataka has been called the "Cradle of Stone Architecture". The magnificent world heritage sites at Hampi and Pattadakkal, the exquisite temples at Belur, Halebidu, and Somnathpur, the cave temples of Badami and Aihole and the stately Forts, Domes and minarets of Bijapur resurrect the state's history and cultural affluence. These peerless wonders are eloquent reminders of a rich heritage.


HAMPI:
Hampi was the capital city of the powerful south Indian Vijayanagar Empire . Founded by Harihara and Bukka in 1336, it fell to the Muslim rulers of north India in 1565 after the disastrous battle of Talikota and subsequently lapsed into decline and abandonment. The ruins of the historical monuments have stood the ravages of man and time and still evoke memories of the grandeur of a bygone era.


BADAMI:
Picturesquely situated at the mouth of a ravine between two rocky hills, the exquisite sculptures and the rust red sandstone cliffs of Badami tell many a tale of yore. Climb a flight of steps to reach the four ancient rock-cut caves replete with carved pillars and bracket figures, all hewn out of red sandstone on the precipice of a hill.


PATTADKAL:
With its beautifully chiselled temples, this World Heritage Site on the banks of the Malaprabha river bears testimony to the richness of Chalukyan architecture. Pattadakal reached its pinnacle of glory under the Chalukya kings and was once used as a ceremonial centre where kings were crowned and commemorated. It has a cluster of 10 major temples, each displaying interesting architectural features..


AIHOLE:
A tranquil village on the banks of the Malaprabha river, Aihole is acclaimed as the cradle of Hindu temple architecture. There are hundreds of temples in the villages and fields nearby. The most impressive one is the Durga Temple with its semicircular apse, elevated plinth, and the gallery encircling the sanctum. The Lad Khan Temple, which is one of the earliest temples, was originally a royal assembly hall and marriage mantapa chosen as the abode of a Muslim prince, Lad Khan temple.


LAKKUNDI:
12km southeast of Gadag is the modest village of Lakkundi. Here, scattered among the tiny houses and dusty lanes are 50 stunning temples and 29 inscriptions dating back to the Kalyana Chalukya period. The most ornate and spectacular of these is the Kashi Vishwanatha Temple.


KITTUR CHENNAMMA FORT:
Located on the Pune-Bangalore highway about 50km from Belgaum and 32km from Dharwad, the tiny town of Kittur with its dilapidated palace, monuments, statues and horse tongas (rickshaws) evokes the glories of a bygone era.


CHITRADURGA FORT:
Chitradurga, on the highway linking Bangalore with Hospet, is famed for its massive Kallina Kote (Palace of Stone) fort, a marvel of military architecture made impregnable by the Nayak Palegars.


BIJAPUR:
The one-time capital of the Adil Shahi kings (1489-1686) is dotted with mosques, mausoleums, palaces, fortifications, watchtowers, and strong gateways, with the massive Gol Gumbaz, The second largest and biggest dome in the world.


GULBARGA FORT:
Originally built by Raja Gulchand and later fortified by Ala-ud-din Bahman, the fort contains large buildings, mosques, temples, stables, ammunition dumps, carriages, 15 towers, 26 guns, and several beautiful courtyards. The piece-de-resistance of the sprawling fort is the 38,000 sq. ft. Jumma Masjid with its elegant domes and arched columns reminiscent of the great mosque of Cordoba in Spain.


BIDAR FORT:
Catch a glimpse of Karnataka's richly textured history in this rugged 15th century fort surrounded by a triple-moated wall hewn out of red rock, with intricate battlements and an imposing gateway. The crumbling ruins of the bastions and gates, royal baths and kitchens, audience halls, and pleasure pavilions stand as silent testimonies to Bidar's past glory. The Rang Mahal has elaborately carved wooden pillars, Persian couplets engraved in tiles and exquisite mother-of-pearl inlay work.


MYSORE PALACE:
All roads in Mysore lead to the Mysore Palace. Built in Indo-Saracenic style with domes, turrets, arches, and colonnades, the palace is a treasure house of exquisite carvings and works of art from all over the world. Intricately carved doors open into luxuriously furnished rooms. The majestic Durbar Hall has an ornate ceiling and many sculpted pillars. The Marriage Pavilion is adorned with glazed tile flooring, stained glass windows and domed ceilings..


SRIRANGAPATTANA:
The island fortress of the legendary warrior king Tipu Sultan is just 16km from Mysore city. Inside the fortress is Tipu's mosque with its twin minarets, the celebrated Ranganatha Swamy Temple, Tipu's Summer Palace, the Wellesley Bridge, and the dungeons where British officers were once imprisoned.


SOMANATHPUR:
Situated in the unobtrusive village of Somnathpur, 35km from Mysore, the exquisitely carved, star-shaped temple with triple towers is a perfect example of Hoysala architecture.


BELUR:
On the banks of the Yagachi river in Belur, a star-shaped temple with hand lathe-turned filigreed pillars and sculptures will take your breath away. It is the only Hoysala temple still in active worship. Friezes of charging elephants, each different from the other, mythological figures, military scenes, dancers and musicians, and elaborate decorative motifs charge the imagination.


HALEBEEDU:
Just 17km away from Belur is Halebid, the ancient capital of the Hoysalas. The temple, perched on a star-shaped base amidst lawns, is a sculptural extravaganza. Its walls are richly carved with an endless variety of Hindu deities, sages, stylised animals, birds, and friezes depicting the life of the Hoysala kings.


BANGALORE PALACE:
Modelled on the lines of the Windsor Castle, the Bangalore Palace flaunts turreted parapets, battlements, fortified towers, and arches. Entry to the palace is restricted. It was built by Odeyars of Mysore.


TIPU’S FORT AND PALACE:
A visit to Tipu's Fort is an enriching experience. Built in 1791, this summer retreat of Tipu Sultan in Bangalore is a two-storied ornate wooden structure with fluted pillars, cusped arches and balconies. It now houses a museum, which contains artefacts relating to the Hyder-Tipu regime.


BELLARY
Bellary Fort Built a top the Ballary Gudda or Fort Hill, during Vijayanagar times by Hanumappa Nayaka . Hyder Ali took possession from the Nayaka 's in 1769 , got the fort renovated . and modified with the help of French engineer. Legend has it that the engineer was hanged , for over looking the fact that the neighboring Kumbra Gudda was taller than Bellary Gudda.


ADI CHUNCHANAGIRI:
The seat of the Swami of the Vokkaliga community, this small town is a noted center of Bhairva Worship . The main attraction here is the gangadeshwara Temple , Which attracts pilgrims in thousands during the annual Jatra and the Peacock Sanctuary . The Matha provides accommodation for guest visitors at its guest house .


ARTISTIC KARNATAKA:
Karnataka has a wide range of songs and dances that revolve around hunting food gathering and burial rites. The state's rich and vibrant culture is reflected in varied art forms: Yakshagana, puppetry or Bombeatta, Bhootha Aradhane, Krishna Parijatha, Nagamandala and the various Kunithas


YAKSHAGANA:
A trip to the coastal belt would be incomplete without watching the Yakshagana - an elaborate dance-drama performance unique to Karnataka.


TOGALU GOMBEYAATA:
The ancient art of leather puppetry draws heavily from mythology, especially stories from the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. This art form is still prevalent in some remote villages.


BHOOTA AARADHANE:
No less interesting is the Bhootha Aradhane or devil worship, very common in the coastal towns of Karnataka. Idols representing 'bhoothas' are taken out in a procession to the beating of drums and bursting of firecrackers. As the procession ends, the idols are placed on a pedestal.


NAAGAMANDALA:
People of Dakshina Kannada perform an elaborate ritual called Nagamandala to appease the serpent spirit. It is conducted in an extravagant manner throughout the night, wherein dancers known as the Vaidyas dress themselves as nagakannikas and dance the night away.


CLASSICAL DANCES:
The Mysore style of Bharatanatyam, which is the oldest and most popular form of classical dance in India, is widely performed here. Other mainstream classical dances here include Kuchipudi and Kathak.


KRISHNA PARIJATA:
A folk theatre art form popular in Uttar Karnataka. It is a combination of Yakshagana and Byalatta with themes culled from the great epic Mahabharata.


MUSIC:
Imbued with the devotion of Kanaka Dasa and Purandara Dasa, the music of Karnataka flourished under the royal patronage of the Vijayanagar Empire and the Wodeyars. Direct in descent in the Mysore Veena tradition are Veene Seshanna and Veenae Doreswamy Iyengar. T. Chowdiah gave the violin in Carnatic music a new character altogether. Gangubai Hangal, Bhimsen Joshi, Mallikarjuna Mansur, Kumar Gandharwa, Basavaraj Rajguru, and Puttaraj Gavai M .Venkatesh Kumar, Siddaram jambaldinni,narasimhlu vadavati are some of the illustrious names in Karnataka's contribution to Hindustani music.


DIVINE KARNATAKA:

Karnataka is as much famed for its shrines, mosques, churches, and Jain basadis as it is for its natural and scenic splendours. These architectural wonders hold the key to the state's spiritual and historical past. Legends mingle with history, giving its shrines an evocative ambience that brings to life the richness of the state's spiritual culture. The religious circuit fascinates pilgrims and tourists as the enigma of Indian philosophy unravels in its architecture, religion, and cultural traditions.


GOKARNA:
This coastal town draws Hindu pilgrims, Sanskrit scholars, and beach buffs alike. Apart from its famed beaches and the Centre for Sanskrit Learning..


UDUPI:
Approximately 60km from Mangalore is the Vaishnavite pilgrimage town of Udupi. This was the sanctum of Madhwacharya, the great Sanskrit philosopher. It is as much renowned for its chefs, cuisine, and restaurants as it is for its Krishna Temple and various mutts.


MOOKAMBIKA TEMPLE:
130km from Mangalore, amid the green canopy of the Western Ghats, lies the village of Kollur. Here, the Mookambika Temple, one of the seven most sacred spots of the coastal region, is dedicated to the goddess of emotional power and strength.


DHARMASTHALA:
Besides the many Jain basadis and a museum, the centrepiece of this temple town is a 39ft. monolith statue of Lord Bahubali. Dharmasthala, situated 65km east of Mangalore, in Belthangady taluk of Dakshina Kannada district, is a remarkable example of communal harmony and religious and cultural tolerance.


MURUDESHWAR:
Located on the main Mangalore-Karwar highway, Murudeshwar is sandwiched between the picturesque Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. Its main attractions are its beach, an awesome Shiva statue, and a Shiva Temple built with Chalukya and Kadamba sculptures in the Dravidian style of architecture.


ISKCON TEMPLE:
(International Society For Krishna Consciousness) Visit this ornate temple just 10km west of Vidhana Soudha cord road Rajaji Negara Bangalore. Built on a hillock with granite, marble, and Korean glass, this huge cultural complex was established to promote Vedic culture and spiritual learning.


SHRAVANABELAGOLA:
A short 148-km drive from Bangalore takes you to Shravanabelagola, a prominent Jain pilgrim centre in Hassan district. Shravanabelagola is home to Asia's largest monolithic statue - Lord Gomateswara here towers 58ft.


MUDABIDRI:
Mudabidri is known as the 'Jain Varanasi' of South India. There are 18 Jain basadis in Mudabidri; the oldest of them is the 15th century Chandranatha Basadi, also known as the Thousand Pillars Basadi. The main entrance, which faces the east, opens onto a superb monolithic pillar in front of the doorway.


VENUR:
The town is famed for its eight basadis and the ruins of a Mahadeva Temple. An 11m high Bahubali statue, dating back to 1604, stands on the Southern bank of the Gurupur river.


KARKALA:
The towering 42ft. monolith of Gomateshwara standing atop a granite outcrop on the outskirts of the town is the main attraction here. The Chaturmukha Basadi, completed in 1586, has four identical Jain tirthankara images facing in four different directions.


SRINGERI:
It is believed that this town was named after Rishyashringa, who figures in the famous Indian mythological epic Ramayana as the chief priest at the sacrifice of King Dasaratha.


TALACAUVERY:
Set amidst the picturesque Brahmagiri Hills is the source of the Cauvery river with the Talacauvery Temple built around it. On Tulasankramana day (October 17th) thousands of pilgrims flock to the river's birthplace to witness the miraculous rise of the fountainhead..


BANAVASI(VANAVAASI):
Nestling deep in the forests of the Western Ghats on the border of Uttara Kannada and Shimoga districts, this temple town is located on the Vardha river and is known for its rice, sugarcane, arecanut, spices, and the famous Banavasi pineapple. This is where the eminent poet Pampa wrote his poems.


KHWAJA BANDE NAWAZ DURGAH-GULBARGA:
The tomb of the great Sufi saint Khwaja Bande Nawaz, a magnificent building in the Indo-Saracenic style, holds pride of place in the hearts of Muslim devotees. Thousands of Hindus and Muslims visit the durgah each day to pay homage to the saint. It is the venue of an annual urus (festival) attended by nearly one hundred thousand people, both Muslims as well as Hindus..


SHARANABASAVESHWARA SHRINE:
Dedicated to the Hindu saint and reformer Basaveshwara, the temple is a popular year-round pilgrim centre for Hindu devotees. A chariot festival which draws thousands of pilgrims is held in Basaveshwara's honour near the Gulbarga tank.


MALKHED : Malkhed a town 40 kms away from gulbarga was the capital city of Rashtrakootas. It was known as “Maanyakhetha” . Now we can see the glimpses of Rashtrakootas like fort , jain basadi Can be seen here. and here we can see the moola brindavanam of sri jayateertharu who is known as teekacharyaru and he concidered as the first respected critic in the world. he wrote teeka grantha means critics to 37 sarvamoola granthas (books) of sri madhwacharya.


BASAVAKALYAN:
Once the capital of the Kalyana Chalukyas and the centre of a great social and religious upheaval in the 12th century, Basavakalyan in Bidar district is famed for its cultural heritage


GURUDWARA NANAK JHIRA SAHIB-BIDAR:
Legend has it that Guru Nanak halted at Bidar at a time when the area was reeling under a severe drought. The Muslim saints requested him to invoke the blessings of the divine in order to obtain water. The crystal clear stream that still flows out of a rock near the Gurudwara is believed to be God's answer to the Guru's prayers.


BANASHANKARI:
En route to Badami is a quaint hamlet that takes its name from the goddess Banashankari. Built in the Dravidian style, the temple is dedicated to Banashankari, a form of Parvati highly revered by the weaver community


KOODALASANGAMA:
Situated at the confluence of the rivers Krishna and Malaprabha in Bagalkot district, this pilgrim centre is famed for its Chalukyan-style Sangameshwara Temple. Koodalasangama is associated with the great 12th century poet and reformer Basaveshwara.


SIDDHAGANGA:
Siddhaganga, a famous pilgrim centre, has a hilltop temple dedicated to Siddhalingeshwara. At the entrance of this temple six shrines can be seen. The Veerashaiva Mutt, an important educational and pilgrim centre, is close by.


SHIVAGANGA:
This four-faced hill (1368m) resembles a Nandi from the east, a Ganesha from the west, a linga from the south, and a cobra from the north. An arduous climb takes you to the two main shrines, Gavi Gangadhareshwara Cave Temple and Honnadevi Temple.


DEVARAYANADURGA:
Set amidst hills and dense forests, Devarayanadurga is dotted with hilltop temples like the Yoganarasimha and the Bhoganarasimha. It is also famed for Namada Chilume, a holy natural spring, and the Mahalakshmi Temple at Goravanahalli


NANJANGUD:
An important pilgrim centre on the banks of the Kapila river, famous for the massive Nanjundeshwara Temple. Built in the Dravidian style, this temple is one of the biggest of its kind in Karnataka. The town takes its name from the temple.


MELKOTE:
Melkote is an important religious centre. The Cheluvarayaswami Temple, built in the 12th century, enjoyed the patronage of the Mysore Maharajas as well as Tipu Sultan. The temple gopuram is rose-coloured and has lions' heads facing north, south, east and west.


TALAKAD:
Situated on the banks of the river Cauvery, the Kritti Narayana Temple, also known as the Vaideshwara Temple is completely buried beneath sand dunes. The temple comes to life when it is excavated once every 12 years during the Panchalinga Darshan.


FESTIVE KARNATAKA:

The fascinating fairs and festivals of Karnataka are a celebration of life in all its infinite variety. Most of them are exclusive to the state and reverberate with colour and gaiety. Every hamlet and village, every town and city has its own calendar of events to be celebrated.


DASARA (NAADA HABBA):
Treat yourself to the pomp and pageantry of the Dussehra festival in Mysore. This festival commemorates the victory of the Goddess Chamundi over the demon Mahishasura. Pageants, parades, and music create a kaliedoscope of colour and gaiety. Crowds jostle to catch a glimpse of the glittering palace.


Hampi Festival (VIJAYA UTSAVA):
The ruins of Hampi come alive with the strains of music and sounds of dance when the State Government holds the Vijaya Utsav to recreate the grandeur of the erstwhile Vijayanagar Empire and a bygone era. Similar festivals are held at Halebid, Pattadakal, Karavalli, and Lakkundi. Other district festivals are held in consultation with the District Commissioners of different Districts. Month: November


TULA SANKRAMANA:

Come October, the people of Kodagu look forward to this annual festival. It is believed that Goddess Cauvery appears in the form of a sudden upsurge of water in a small tank to give darshan to the innumerable devotees gathered here. This event is known as theerthodbhava, which is celebrated with much festivity in Kodagu.


VAIRAMUDI FESTIVAL:
The sleepy town of Melkote comes alive during the annual Vairamudi festival when the deity of the hill shrine dedicated to Lord Vishnu is adorned with the legendary diamond-studded crown brought from the Mysore Palace. This nightlong event, part of the 10-day Brahmotsavam, is witnessed by thousands of devotees.
Month: March


KUMBALA (BUFFELLO RACE):
When the fields are flush with water, buffaloes race down a slushy track, egged on by a strong-muscled farmer who surfs his way down the track behind the beasts while balancing precariously on a trailing wooden plank.A riot of colour, frenzied cheers, and shining torsos slick with sweat mark this annual sporting event where the prize goes to the swiftest.


KARAGA:
Discover the 9-day Karaga, a tradition started and sustained by a Tamil-speaking community of gardeners called Thigalars. The Karaga festival is held at the Dharmaraya Swamy Temple in Bangalore. Just after dusk on the Karaga day between March and April, a priest dressed in female attire leads a spectacular procession to the accompaniment of dazzling swordplay by a number of dhoti-clad, bare-chested Thigalars. Month: April


MAHA MASTAKAABHISHEKHA:
Once in 12 years the well known Jain pilgrim centre, Shravanabelagola in Karnataka gets transformed into a throbbing city, when millions of devotees converge to participate in the spectacular ceremonies for the Maha Mastakabhisheka (sacred head anointing ceremony) of the magnificent 18 metre high statue of Bahubali..


ROMANTIC KARNATAKA:

Karnataka has its share of several lesser known hill stations. Each has its own unique charm; take your pick from sandalwood forests, coffee plantations, trekking trails, waterfalls, and wildlife. Nestled in the Western Ghats, these hill stations present spectacular views of dense forests, deep valleys, and magnificent sunsets.


KODAGU (COORG):
Madikeri is the picturesque capital of Kodagu (also called Coorg,) the land of coffee, cardamom, colonels, and the Cauvery.


AGUMBE:
If you enjoy spectacular sunsets, sparkling streams, verdant village vistas, and an unspoilt rustic ambience, Agumbe is the place for you. Situated at an elevation of 826m in Shimoga district


KEMMANAGUNDI:
The picturesque hill station of Kemmangundi is located at a height of 1434m above sea level. This was the summer retreat of Krishna raja Wodeyar IV.


KUNDADRI:
Located on Theerthahalli-Agumbe road, about 12km from Theerthahalli, Kundadri Hill is a gigantic monolithic rock formation. Surrounded by dense evergreen forests, it is a lovely place for trekking.


KODACHADRI:
Situated 100km from Shimoga and 36km from Hosanagara is this enchanting mountain which overlooks the vast Western Ghats. Kodachadri is famed for its glorious sunrises and sunsets.


BILI GIRI RANGANA BETTA:
Lose yourself in these ancient hills, which take their name from the Ranganatha Swamy Temple that sits at the edge of a granite precipice with a drop of more than 1000ft. into a dense forest.


NANDI BETTA (HILLS):
This popular weekend getaway is just 60km from Bangalore. The bracing air and serene environs of Nandi Hills, perched at a height of 1455m above sea level, provided Tipu Sultan and the British with an idyllic summer retreat.

CHIKKAMAGALOORU:
Nestled in the Baba Budan hills, Chikmagalur is a calm, serene town full of surprises with hills, valleys, streams and coffee plantations. Coffee seed was planted here for the first time in India.

CASCADING KARNATAKA:

Karnataka abounds in a torrent of sparkling waterfalls set amidst the sylvan environs of the districts of Kodagu and Uttara Kannada. West-flowing rivers gush through thick forests in coastal Uttara Kannada, breaking into streams that meander over hilly tracts to end in a series of dramatic, plunging finales throughout the region.


JOG FALLS:
Bear witness to nature's headlong tumble as the Sharavati river makes a spectacular drop of 810ft. (253m) in four distinct cascades - known locally as Raja, Rani, Rover, and Rocket - to create the highest falls in Asia.


UNCHALLI FALLS:
Heggarne, a dreamy hamlet in Uttara Kannada district, is just 35km from Siddapur. A further 5km trek from Heggarne through dense forests brings you to the picturesque Unchalli Falls.


MAGODU FALLS:
The mesmerising Magod Falls are located 80km from Karwar. Here, the Bedthi river takes two distinct leaps to hurtle from a height of 650ft. into a rocky ravine.


HEBBE FALLS:
An 8km trek from Kemmangundi along a steep and narrow path leads you to these sprightly falls. Surrounded by dense forests and coffee plantations, Hebbe Falls gushes down from a height of 250ft.

SHIVANASAMUDRA FALLS:
Discover nature's handiwork in the form of this tiny island-town 65km east of Mysore. Forested hills and lush green valleys cradle a small hamlet and two fine temples.


ABBE FALLS:
Tucked away between private coffee and spice estates, Abbey Falls (9km from Madikeri) offers a splendid backdrop for picnics. As you make your way past stocky coffee bushes and tall trees.


KALAHATTI FALLS:
Water cascades from the top of the Chandra Drona Hill from a height of 45m to flow before the Veerabhadreshwara Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva.

GOKAK FALLS:

Located 65 kms from Belgaum, Gokak gets its name due to the Goki trees found in abundance in these areas.


WILD KARNATAKA:

Karnataka's forests and wildlife are her priceless natural heritage. The State boasts of some of the largest jungle tracts south of the Vindhyas. From the majestic evergreen forests of the Western Ghats to the scrub jungles of the plains, a wide variety of habitats teem with diverse flora and fauna, some of them endemic to the region. Some of these jungles were the private preserves of former rulers. Thanks to their protection, these jungles have survived. However, some of the lesser-known ones are sanctuaries protected by the local populace.


BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK:
Explore the environs of Nagarhole, Kannada for 'Snake River.' The Rajiv Gandhi National Park derives its name from the winding course of the river that flows through the forests.


RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL PARK NAGARHOLE:
Explore the environs of Nagarhole, Kannada for 'Snake River.' The Rajiv Gandhi National Park derives its name from the winding course of the river that flows throughthe forests.


B R HILLS SANCTURY:
A unique blend of hill resort and wildlife sanctuary. The hills take their name from the ancient Ranganatha Swamy Temple that sits at the edge of a granite precipice with a drop of more than 1000 ft.


CAUVERY WILD SANCTURY:
Tucked away amidst mountains, valleys, a mighty river, jungle sounds, and lush greenery, the sanctuary is an idyllic getaway where anglers and nature enthusiasts can get a whiff of raw adventure.


RANGANATITTU BIRD SANCTURY:
Just outside Srirangapatna, near Mysore, the Cauvery river meanders around a string of tiny islets, which together form a splendid nesting site for waterfowl.


KOKKARE BELLR PELICARNY:
Every year, hundreds of winged visitors come together to set up a unique orchestra at Kokkrebellur with their shrill cries and cacophonous calls.


BANNERGHATTA NATIONAL PARK:
For a walk on the wild side, look no further than the southern outskirts of Bangalore city, where you can find everything from avifauna to panthers in the Bannerghatta National Park.


ANSHI NATIONAL PARK:
Located in an eco-sensitive part of the Western Ghats, Anshi is rich in rare species of flora and fauna. About 197 species of birds have been spotted here.


DANDELI WILDLIFE SANCTURY:
Undulating streams, whispering bamboo, diverse wildlife, and innumerable trekking trails make Dandeli a dream destination.


GUDVI BIRD SANCTURY:
An obscure village in Sorab taluk of Shimoga district, comes alive in June as the energetic chirping of birds fills the air.


BHADRA BIRD SANCTURY:
The sanctuary takes its name from the eponymous river, its lifeline. Popularly known as Muthodi Wildlife Sanctuary, after the village on its periphery, it is a great place to sight the ferocious tiger..


MANDAGADDE BIRD SANCTURY:
You can witness the seasonal congregation of birds on a tiny island in the mid-course of the Tunga river at Mandagadde village, 30 km from Shimoga on the Shimoga-Theerthahalli road


KUDUREMUKH NATIONAL PARK:
The Kudremukh, or Horse Face Range, gets its name from the unique shape of its peak. The broad hills, 95km south-west of Chikmagalur town..


CHAMRAJ NAGAR:
Experience the magic of the deep jungles of the Chamrajnagar range, one of the hottest bio-diversity spots in the world.


BEACHES OF KARNATAKA:

Karnataka have some beautiful beaches in its coastal line which is covered by Arabian sea. Karnataka has a 320-km long coastline, arrayed with famous beaches, that invites those wants a break from the chafing grind of urban life. The tranquility and the charm of the region coupled with the impetuousness of the coastal folk, and their delightful cuisine is just awesome.


BHATKAL BEACH:
Famous Bhatkal Beach is located at a distance of 16-km from Bhatkal and 126 km from Karwar. Dotted by the calm blue seas and majestic hills, this beach is a popular tourist spot and known for the exquisite temples. Best season to visit Bhatkal beach is from August to March.


KARWAR BEACH:
Karwar is situated just 100 km from Goa is a perfect holiday with gentle waves, palm-laced beaches, silver sand, and calm, peaceful alleys. A voyage through Goa makes a good starting point of discovering the thrills of the sea, sand and sun. Major attractions of this place include the Sadashivgad Hill fort with a Durga temple, the unique Octagonal Church, and the 300 year old Venkataramana Temple.


MURUDESHWARA BEACH:
Located 16 km from Bhatkal, Murudeshwar beach another famous beach of Karnataka is believed to have been sanctified by Pranalinga of Mahabaleshwara thrown by Ravana. It is a popular picnic spot, having beautiful blue waters of the sea and the majestic mountains. Other attractions around this beach are the Murdeshwar temple, the Kanduka Giri and the fort of Tipu Sultan. This lovely destination can be visited throughout the year.


KURMAGADA BEACH:
Kurumgad -a tortoise-shaped island is situated at a distance of 4 km from the mainland. The beach is famous for the hilltop Narasimha Temple where thousands of devotees throng the temple during the annual jatra held on Pushya Purnima every year in early January. One can enjoy viewing the sea and the sand.


MALPE BEACH:
About 6 km from Udupi is Malpe, Malpe is a perfect hangout zone with its virgin beach. The infinite tract of golden sand, pleasantly swaying palm trees, the clear blue sky and the ripple of the sea all set an ideal disposition for an unforgettable holiday here.


GOKARNA BEACH:
Gokarna, a beach town has some most splendid beaches of the region. Om beach, one of Gokarna's five famed beaches, is in the shape of a 'Om,'- most spiritual symbol of Hindus. The other famous beaches, compressed between massive steep rock that project like delicate fingers into the sea, are Gokarna, Kudle, Half Moon and Paradise. One can visit Gokarna any time round the year.


KAUPU BEACH:
Kaup is situated at a distance of 12 km from Udupi, on the coastal belt. Kaup has a lovely beach that offers a perfect holiday destination with calm sea and beautiful location. Beside it beach, Kaup has attractions of a ruined fort and an old 100ft high lighthouse.


MARAVANTE BEACH:
Maravanthe beach is 50 km from Udupi. The endless stretch of golden sand, swaying palm trees, clear blue sky and the flow of the sea attracts a large number of tourists to this spot. At sunset, the red sky and golden rays convert the entire environs into a fairyland of scenic beauty. A drive further up are the Belekal Theertha falls, near Baindur.


CONCLUSION:
Finally Karnataka is a kind of state In India which is having a diversified culture interms of language food festivals rituals and finally Tourist Destinations also.



SANJEEV KUMAR SIRNOORKAR

INDIAN MUSIC

CONTENTS


n INTRODUCTION
n BRIEF HISTORY
n HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC
n KARNATIC MUSIC
n LIGHT MUSIC
n FOLK MUSIC
n FILM MUSIC
n IMPORTANCE OF MUSIC
n CONCLUSION


INTRODUCTION

n Indian music is one of the great fine art forms in the world. Our Indian music is recognized by all over the world. Indian classical music has one of the most complex and complete musical systems ever developed in the world. It divides the
octave into 12 semitones of which the 7 basic notes are “SA Re Ga Ma Pa Dha Ni SA” and reverse “SA Ni Dha Pa Ma Ga Re SA”. Indian classical music is monophonic in nature and based around a single melody line which is played over a fixed drone. The performance is based melodically on particular ragas and rhythmically on talas.



BRIEF HISTORY

n Indian music is originated first in samaveda which is known as “sangeeta Veda”. And later a book called “natyashatra” written by Bharata he explained the all music and dance formats of India in the year 200 BC. And later gradually the music formats are being developed by the people.




HINDUSTANI CLASSICAL MUSIC

n Hindustani Classical Music is the
Hindustani or North Indian style of Indian classical music. Originating in the Vedic period, it is a tradition that has been evolving from the 12th century AD. in what is now very famous in northern India, North Karnataka, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and also Nepal and Afghanistan. This music form is very wide speeded in the world.

n It is traditional for performers who have reached a distinguished level of achievement, to be awarded titles of respect;
Hindus are usually referred to as Pundit and Muslims as Ustad. An interesting aspect of Hindustani music going back to Sufi times, is the tradition of religious neutrality: Muslim ustads singing Hindu bhajans, and Pundits used to sing Muslim qayals and cheejs.


n Hindustani classical music has got a great history there are mainly 2 parts in the format
n 1.kirana gharana
n 2.gwalior gharana


Hindustani classical music is includes swara, taala, raga, bhaava and laya.
In Hindustani there are main 32 ragas and later those ragas will increased to thousands of ragas.

n And than it’s developed by “Tansen” who was created more than 7 ragas like “pahadi, roopatara, meghamallar, darbari, bhoopali etc.
n He developed this Hindustani classical music and it’s been recognized by the people.
n Later in modern period Banaras, Gwalior, dharwad, gadag, Gulbarga, Lahore, kolkatta are the main places for the Hindustani classical music in India.

n Main instruments of this music is Tabala Harmonium, veena, shenai, santoor, sarod etc


n And some different types of this formats are
n 1.Dhrupada
n 2.Khayal
n 3.Tappa
n 4.tharana
n 5.thumri
n 6.ghajal
n 7.Qawwali

n This format is performed by vocal as well as instrumental..
n Some imp ragas
n 1.abhogi kanada 6.bhagrsri
n 2.todi 7.jogiya
n 3.darbari 8.puriya
n 4.bhoopali 9.gour sarang
n 5. Durga 10. malakounsa….more



SOME GREAT PERFORMERS

n 1.USTAD BADE GHULAM ALI KHAN
n 2.USTAD KARIM KHAN
n 3.PANDIT VASANTRAO DESHPAMDE
n 4.PANDIT BHEEMSEN JOSHI
n 5.PANDIT MALLIKARJUN MANSUR
n 6.USTAD AAMIR KHAN
n 7.PANDIT KUMAR GANDHARV
n 8.PANDIT JASRAJ
n 9.PANDIT GANGUBAI HABGAL
n 10.PANDIT M VENKATESH KUMAR










KARNATIC MUSIC

n Carnatic music music, originally called Karṇāṭaka sangīta Karṇāṭaka sangītam in India is known as one of the two styles of
Indian classical music. Its classical tradition is from the southern part of the Indian subcontinent, and its area roughly corresponds to the four modern states of South India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.
n The main emphasis in Carnatic music is on vocal music; most compositions are written to be sung, and even when played on instruments, they are meant to be performed in a singing style (known as gāyaki). Like
Hindustani music, Carnatic music rests on two main elements: raga, the modes or melodic formula, and tāḷa, the rhythmic cycles.

n This is also originated from Vedas. About carnatic music we can get the sources from “naatyashastra” and “shilappadikaram” a Tamil book. Since 15 Th century it was not that much popular but a saint called “purandaradasa from Karnataka who written some keertanasa suladis and ugabhogas and he used to sing all those songs and that become more popular. So purandaradasa is called as the “father of the carnatic music”.

n Later Tyagaraja from Andhra Pradesh he developed the format of carnatic music
n Than carnatic music associated with many kingdoms in south India
n Cholas of tanjavur has developed this very systematically every year they used to arrange a music festival and now also it’s continuing which is very unique of tanjavur. It’s the motherland of all south Indian musical forms.

n And later pallavas pandyas cheras developed the carnatic music
n And most important during 18 to 19 century the odeyars of Mysore much importance to carnatic music there were so many aasthana pundits in Mysore that time.





n And now its very important music format its very much structured than Hindustani

n In karnatic mrudangam, violin, tamboori, flute mouthorgan, ghatam. These kinds of instruments being used.
n This is also consists with shruti raga laya and taala. Taala is much imp in karmnatic they have got some different kind of taalas like
n 1.dhruva taala
n 2.mattya taala
n 3.rupaka taala
n 4.jhampaka taala
n 5.atta taala
n 6.eka taala

n Some important ragas of the karnatik music are
n 1.kalyani
n 2.bhairavi
n 3.harikhamboji
n 4.hindola
n 5.shankaraabharanam
n 6.keeravani
n 7.khambhoji
n 8. Shivaranjani etc…….

SOME GREAT PERFORMERS

n 1.PURANDARA DASA
n 2.TYAGARAJA
n 3.MUTHUSWAMI DIKSHITAR
n 4.SHYAMA SHASTRI
n 5.NARAYANA TEERTHA
n 6.VIJAYADASA
n 7.MYSORE VASUDEVACHAR
n 8.PATNAM SUBRAMANYAM AYER
n 9.NEELAKANTHA SIVAN
n 10.CHOUDAYYA
n 11.SUBBALAKSHMI MANY MORE


LIGHT MUSIC

n Light music in India originated from Karnataka. We called that as “BHAVAGEETE”. Which is having a emotional touch. Light music is not more classical based but it’s inspired by karnatic music as well as Hindustani classical music.
n We have some great light music performers in Karnataka like c. ashwath, Mysore ananthaswami, archana udupa …etc.

FOLK MUSIC

n Folk of India has got a verity of formats. Folk music a very peculiar and traditional music format of the particular area. We have got different folk music formats of different states of India because of our cultural variations we called folk music as desi music. There are many forms of folk music those are……

n 1. BHANGRA OF PUNJAB
n 2.LAVANI FROM MAHARASHTRA AND KARNATAKA
n 3.DANDIYA AND GHARBA FROM GUJRAT
n 4.PANDAVANI FROM CHATTISGADH ORISSA AND ANDHRA PRADESH
n 5.RAJASTHANI FOLK MUSIC
n 6.BAULS OF BENGAL
n 7.DOLLU KUNITA
n 8.KOLATA
n 9.VEERAGASE ALL 3 FROM KARNATAKA

FILM MUSIC

n India is the largest film producing country in the world. It produces around 1,000 films in 27 official languages. Every film must contain five to six songs which are based either on classical Indian music or light music. It also contains devotional songs. The Indian audience loves music from films. There are number of music recording studios based in different film cities of India in Mumbai, Kolkata, Delhi, Chennai, Bangalore and
Noida Film City.



n Indian film music is very popular not only in India also in the whole world. our history of film music starts from early 1940s .earlier films songs were based on pure classical music but day by day the trend of film music was gradually changed and now we all know that our film music is full rock and pop music. Though the purity of music still remain that we can see some songs are very melodies and beautiful.

FILMS BASED ON MUSIC

n 1.SHANKARAABHARANAM
n 2.BHOJA BHAVRI
n 3.SWARABHISHEKAM
n 4.MALAYA MARUTA
n 5.GAANAYOGI PANCHAKSHARI GAVAI
n 6.TAAL
n 7.SINDHU BHAIRAVI
n 8.CHITRAM MANY MORE

GREAT MUSIC DIRECTORS

n 1.NAUSHAD AND R D BURMAN
n 2.SHANKAR JAIKISHAN
n 3.C RAMACHANDRA
n 4.LAXMIKANT PYARELAL
n 5.M S VISHWANATHAN
n 6.UPENDRA KUMAR
n 7.K V MAHADEVAN
n 8.VIJAYA BHASKAR
n 9.RAJAN NAGENDRA
n 10.KHAYYAM
n 11.ILAYARAJA
n 12. A R RAHMAN………………MANY MORE…..












Some of the Indian singers who have achieved the great landmark of singing lakhs together songs. Like

1. S P BALASUBRAMANYAM
2. LATA MANGESHKAR

And many more singers who have given evergreen songs from their evergreen and golden voices like
Mohd rafi, mukesh, kishore Kumar, k j yesudas, k s chitra, sonu nigam many more……

IMPORTANCE OF MUSIC

n I personally feel that music is most important for human being. Every individual in his life definitely he sings the song at least he will hummm. Music is like ocean it’s very wide speeded nobody is perfect in music and it needs pure dedication and love and immense concentration to learn. It gives a great satisfaction joy for people. So music is important.

CONCLUSION

n Now a day’s music is loosing its purity and originality. Westernization of music is spoiling the classicalness of Indian music. Music is a god gift and its very tuff art to learn among the fine arts. So being an Indians we have to protect our music and musical formats in particularly classical music otherwise……?

SANJEEV KUMAR SIRNOORKAR